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Bharatpur Tour

Bharatpur Tour - Mahendra India Travel

Dating back to the epic age, the city of Bharatpur has a rich history. In the fifth century BC, Matsya kingdom flourished at this place. In the war of Mahabharata the Matsyas acted as the partners of the Pandavas. Legend also has it that Bharatpur was named so after Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama. Lord Rama's other brother Laxman was regarded as the family deity by the ruling family of Bharatpur. The state seals and coat-of-arms also have the name of Laxman on them.

Maharaja Suraj Mal founded the city of Bharatpur in 1733 AD. Once an unassailable and well-equipped city, it was carved out of the region previously known as Mewat. Suraj Mal seized the fort of Bharatpur from Khemkaran, the rival chief. Even in the time of political crisis, Suraj Mal made a name and position for himself and went from one accomplishment to another. A number of forts and palaces were built by him throughout the territory. Read on this Bharatpur city guide to know more about the city:

Bharatpur travel & tourism is most famous for its bird sanctuary. Keoladeo Ghana National Park houses some of the most exotic species of birds, along with a rich wildlife. Other attractions of the city of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India include the Bharatpur palace and museum, a number of temples, Lohargarh fort, etc. Apart from these, there are a number of other places also to see around Bharatpur.

Bharatpur (Keoladeo Ghana) National Park: The Bharatpur National Park is also known by the name of Keoladeo Ghana. The name Keoladeo is derived from a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva situated in the center of the park. The word Ghana means dense and refers to the thick forest that used to cover the park area at one point of time. The park houses approximately 375 species of exotic birds, both resident as well as migratory. Out of those, almost 132 breeds inhabit the sanctuary. The migratory birds arrive not only from different parts of India, rather, from places as far as Europe, Siberia, China, Tibet, etc. Bharatpur also serves as a habitat to animals like Sambar, Cheetal, Nilgai, Boar, etc. More About Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Bharatpur Palace and Government Museum: The Bharatpur Palace owes its formation to a number of Maharajas. This beautiful piece of architecture is a blend of the Mughal and Rajput styles. The palace houses a number of apartments, decorated with elaborately designed patterned floor tiles. The main central wing of the palace has now been converted into a museum. The museum exhibits rich collection of artifacts dating back to as far as the 2nd century. On display, is an array of antiquities, exquisite sculptures, ancient inscriptions, etc.

Ganga Mandir (Temple): Ganga Mandir is an architectural wonder. Built by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 1845, this temple has a unique story attached to it. It is believed that all the people employed in the service of the state were asked to donate one month's salary or any increment in their salary for the temple. The temple was constructed out of this money only.

Laxman Mandir (Temple): Laxman Mandir is dedicated to the younger brother of Lord Rama, Laxman. The doorways, ceilings, pillars, walls and arches of the temple are carved with intricate stonework.

Lohargarh Fort (Iron Fort): The focal point behind the construction of the Lohagarh Fort was strength and defense. The fort withstood many attacks by the British. They fort is known not for beauty, rather, for the power and brilliance it exudes. It is unlike any other fort in the state of Rajasthan. Surrounding the fort is a moat, which acted as a form of defense against the enemy attacks. The fort has an Ashtadhatu (eight-metal) gate, adorned with huge elephant paintings. Other attractions of the fort include Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas, Moti Mahal, Kothi Khas, Jawahar Burj, Fateh Burj, etc.

Climate

From being quite hot in summers to cold in winters, Bharatpur weather experiences quite variations. In the summer season, the average temperature escalates to a range as high as 38° C to 45° C, approximately. Monsoons bring some respite from these extreme climatic conditions of Bharatpur, Rajasthan. The average temperature falls down to about 27° C, with humidity hovering around 70% to 75%. Bharatpur experiences cold winter, where the average temperature drops to, as low as, even 10° C. Fog and mist is a normal feature of the climate of Bharatpur during the month of January.

How to Reach Bharatpur

By Air: The nearest airport from Bharatpur is N Delhi (184 Km).

By Road: Bharatpur bird sanctuary is located on the Agra-Jaipur highway and is two-hours by bus from Agra (55 km). Private and state transport buses connect the Bharatpur bird sanctuary with other parts of Rajasthan.

By Train: Bharatpur is the nearest rail junction, which is well connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and many other parts of India.

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